blueprint

FIRST CIVILIZATIONS
War

 

FIRST CIVILIZATIONS explores Mesoamerica, the Middle East and the Indus Valley to learn how and why early humans created villages, towns, cities and states, establishing the blueprint for the modern world.

 

War
This episode examines the process of “destructive creation” – the idea that fear, rivalry and conflict strengthen community bonds, while stimulating an arms race of technological progress.

 

 

AMERICAN MASTERS
Bob Hope

 

During his eight-decade career, Bob Hope (1903-2003) was the only performer to achieve top-rated success in every form of mass entertainment: vaudeville, Broadway, movies, radio, television, popular song and personal appearances, including his annual USO Christmas military tours and hosting the Academy Awards more times than anyone else.

 

A comedy innovator, Hope invented the topical monologue that later became a late-night TV staple and comedy tropes like talking while backing up. He refined a spontaneous, conversational, improvisational style of comedy as a vaudeville master of ceremonies that created a blueprint for acerbic standup comics.