Thursday, June 20:
Student reporter Adam Simon of Mid-Pacific Institute in Honolulu hosts this episode, which highlights outstanding stories of this season so far. HIKI NŌ teachers share the triumphs, challenges and lessons learned while supervising their students in producing the featured stories.
This episode features stories by student journalists from: Hilo High School (Hawaii); Chiefess Kamakahelei Middle School and Island School on Kauai; and Ewa Makai Middle School, Mid-Pacific Institute, Roosevelt High School and Waianae Intermediate School on Oahu.
Coming Up on Thursday, June 27:
Students from St. Andrew's Priory in Honolulu host this week's show. In this episode, Waianae High School on Oahu tells the story of a basketball team captain who made a dramatic turnaround. Also on Oahu, a Moanalua High School cheerleader faces a host of reactions after his life-changing revelation.
This episode also features student stories from: Konawaena High School (Hawaii Island); Chiefess Kamakahelei Middle School (Kauai); H.P. Baldwin High School (Maui); Molokai High School (Molokai); and Ka Waihona o ka Naauao Public Charter School (Oahu).
HIKI NO -- What Worked and Why
The Use of Cutaways to Avoid Jump-Cuts - by Robert Pennybacker
I remember in the first day of editing class at USC Cinema the teacher asked us "what is the one and only reason to make a cut?"
We came up with fancy answers like changing the pace of the scene, creating rhythm, grabbing the audience's attention. He shook his head. "No, you're all wrong. The only legitimate reason to make a cut is to show something new."
This gem of knowledge has stayed with me to this day. It also explains what a jump cut is. When you edit from one shot to an almost identical second shot, it creates a jump cut because you haven't shown us anything new. To make an edit work you need the second shot to be from a different angle that shows us something new.
Jumpcuts often arise when you try to shoot a process and you do it all from one angle. To move from one step in the process to the next, you have to edit out the excess time. But when you edit to a shot that is from the exact same angle, a jump occurs because of the "sameness" of the two shots. Such was the case with one of the early drafts of Molokai High School's "How To Make A Paper Airplane" franchise piece. They did a good job of covering some of the process from different angles, but some of it was shot from just one angle and, thus, jumpcuts occurred.
One way to avoid jumpcuts is to film "cutaway" shots and insert them in places where there were jumpcuts. An excellent cutaway to shoot for a process piece is a close-up of the person who is performing the process. I suggested this to Molokai High teacher Perry Buchalter. His students tried it and found that they were able to avoid the jumpcuts. Check out the "before" and "after" versions of their franchise piece and you'll see what an excellent job they did. And the next time you film a process, make sure to cover it from a variety of angles and shoot a cutaway close-up of the person performing the process. Your editor will thank you.
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